An annual ritual held every January that involves a prayer to Magbabaya for the preservation, protection and proper use of the 7 most important things on earth, land water, tree, fire, air, sound and beliefs and traditions.




A prayer usually held in March asking Magbabaya to provide rain to nourish the field for crop planting.




A ceremony asking permission from Magbabaya to plant crops.


A ceremony asking Magbabaya for the crop protection.




Thanksgiving for the blessings from Magbabaya.




Welcome statement or words of praise honoring a guest, visitors, friend and usually done in para-poetical/musical version. The statements are expressed in high words of Higaonon/Bukidnon language and can be understood only by experts.




A ritual of the whole place for thanksgiving to the Almighty for a peaceful year. Also request for good health. Usually held on the month of October or year end. This is a happy festival through singing and dancing.




A gathering and ritual of all medicine men to drive away causes of sickness and illnesses. Usually held when there is an epidemic. This is done through offering of foods, animals, fruits, tobacco and manna.




An offering of the Deities upon entering an unknown place, especially forested areas. This is done when somebody asks for permission to enter a forest or cave to gather fruits, cut trees known to be inhabited by spirits. The ritual involves offering of food, wine and tobacco.




An offering of food by family to ascertain the cause of illness of the family member.



Yearly worship of every family to thank God (Magbabaya) for all the graces and blessings. A swine or native chickens are offered during the thanksgiving.




Nine-day worship to heal a sick person. The worship is done through singing and dancing. The datu chants prayers while bae’s reply would be in the form of dancing (dugso dance). A pig or 5 native chickens are sanctified on the 9th day of worship.





Worship practiced yearly at the river bank. The worship calls on Bulalakaw – the goddess of the sea for a whole year of good health, productive livelihood and safety. Each family involved in the worship brings one native chicken which is cooked in the worship area.



This ritual will need a chick endowed with beads (Logbak) and a piece of glass plate. These materials will be buried on the ground with the plate already broken. The purpose of this ritual is to drive away evil and bad omen.



Prayer for a mother who is about to deliver a baby.Prayer for a healthy baby and for the mother not to experience severe pain during delivery. This ritual will need four chickens and one egg.




Worship done before and after planting for the good harvest. It needs 3 chickens with feathers colored white, red and yellow.




Yearly practice to thank the goddess of the land for his bountiful abundance bestowed to the people. A chicken is to be sacrificed by each family involved in the ritual.




A practice given to a newly wed couple or to a visitor to welcome them. A chicken is used in this ritual.




Finding Justice

  • Gabi
    This root crop will be submerged to a boiling kettle murmuring the name of the suspected theft
  • Badjang
    Sliced 7×7 to be eaten by the suspect. If the suspect won’t feel itchy, he is not guilty.
  • Hot Iron
    This very hot iron will be held by the suspect, if doesn’t get burn, then he is not guilty.


{tab=Magahat or Mangayao}

Magahat or Mangayao

Person or group of persons seek justice through killing anyone (IP’s or not) who entered in the area declared to be within the Magahat area.



Has to be done irregularly depending on the emergency cases like life and death. It has to be performed for the procurement of all sorts of sickness and diseases that devastate people’s lives, animals and plants especially the locusts.




A ritual executed in the sacred places like tombs of the valiant and well respected spiritual leaders and tribal leaders as well.




A thanksgiving ritual for the good harvest and continual protection for the new products to come.




Is a word of mouth released by an angry man through “cursing” that cause misfortunes to the people involved as death of the whole tribe, or family and relatives.




Is a ritual performed for reconciliation purposes especially between an inter ethnic tribes. Usually red chickens are to be killed and be buried in the place where Diyandi has to be made. Other ways of doing Diyandi is to kill red pigs in the place itself, cooked and eaten there and not to be brought home even a single piece of meat. Either of which, chicken or pigs to be offered shall be guided with a panuvadtuvad or prayer. Next is the planting of trees or a bamboo for as long as those things live, peace between the tribe shall always be present. In other words, those trees and bamboos shall serve as “pakang” or demarcation of an unwritten peace agreement of the conflicting parties. Last remedy for diyandi is to marry children of both conflicting parties  to strengthen up their solidarity and finally forgive one another.